New England Wild Flower Society

Fragaria virginiana

wild strawberry

High in the running for our most commonly recommended plant, specifically as a replacement for traditional lawns. Fragaria virginiana is a low-growing, fast-spreading native perennial strawberry whose vigor makes it poorly suited for planting among delicate species but makes it great for covering ground and dealing with the sort of abuses that a lawn must put up with (ie. crappy soils and foot traffic). This species supports more native lepidoptera than any other herbaceous genus with the one exception of goldenrods (Solidago). White flowers bloom in spring and fruits appear in the early to mid-summer, very tasty.

Height: 2-5 in
Spread: 12-24 in
Hardiness Zone: 3-9

Bloom Color: White

Characteristics & Attributes

Part Shade
Soil Moisture
(58) Northeastern Highlands
(83) Eastern Great Lakes Lowlands
(59) Northeastern Coastal Zone
(84) Atlantic Coastal Pine Barrens
(82) Acadian Plains and Hills
Attracts Wildlife
Host Plant
Pollinator Powerhouse Plant
Other Pollinators/Wildlife
Attracts Songbirds
Attracts Bees
Ornamental Interest
Summer Fruit
Spring Bloom
Attractive Fall Foliage and/or Ornamental Fruit
Red Fruit
Landscape Use
Rain Garden
Deer/Rabbit Resistant
Urban Environment
Drought Tolerant
Additional Attributes
Low Maintenance

North American Distribution